What is a copyright?

Copyright law protects original works of authorship fixed in any tangible medium of expression from which they can be perceived, reproduced, or otherwise communicated. Broken down, an author must have the following three requirements for a valid copyright: Original (independently created by the author); Be in a physical form (no matter how briefly ...


Trademarks: An Overview

Trademarks can be a word, phrase, design, symbol, or a combination of them.  The purpose of a trademark is to accurately identify the origin of goods or services. Shapes can only be trademarked if they are distinctive. Process of obtaining a ...


Patents: An Overview

Patents cover new, non-obvious, and useful inventions, such as machines, devices, chemical compositions, and manufacturing processes. The right to exclude is given to the inventor who first files with the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO). Patents are the most defined and formal type of intellectual property. Unlike trademarks and copyrights, which are protected even if ...


Intellectual Property 101

"Intellectual Property" or "IP" refers to creations of the mind.  Many governments, including the United States in the US Constitution, have made a policy decision to give the inventor/author/creator a limited monopoly on certain types of intellectual property.  This monopoly and its limitations attempt to serve two, competing purposes. Encourage and reward creators.  As a society, we want to encourage ...